“Revenge is a dish best served cold.” It means that if revenge (or retribution) is delayed beyond the heat of anger, it is much more satisfying. I don’t know if that’s true. Retribution is a human attempt to makes things right by punishing another. The problem is it doesn’t usually make us feel that much better. We might get a little payback, but it doesn’t make us whole.
What we’re talking about here is broken relationships. To oversimplify, one person sins against another. The one harmed often seeks retribution. The dispute could be over anything, but the harm may be serious enough that we want to expel the sinner from our lives entirely. In Matthew 18:12-17, Jesus called us to take a different approach:
"What do you think? If a man owns a hundred sheep, and one of them wanders away, will he not leave the ninety-nine on the hills and go to look for the one that wandered off? And if he finds it, I tell you the truth, he is happier about that one sheep than about the ninety-nine that did not wander off. In the same way your Father in heaven is not willing that any of these little ones should be lost. "If your brother sins against you, go and show him his fault, just between the two of you. If he listens to you, you have won your brother over. But if he will not listen, take one or two others along, so that 'every matter may be established by the testimony of two or three witnesses.' If he refuses to listen to them, tell it to the church; and if he refuses to listen even to the church, treat him as you would a pagan or a tax collector. (Matt. 18:12-17 NIVO)
Some folks read this and think, “Yes! I’ll take my complaint to the church and they’ll give me my pound of flesh!” It that’s all we get from this text, we miss the point. Jesus was more concerned about restoration--about correcting the sinner and the damage done to the community. He didn’t want to lose a sinner to alienation.
This is not to suggest Jesus didn’t care about the person who was injured. He just didn’t want the victim, in bitterness or a desire for revenge, to compound the damage to the community. That too, is a sin and damaging to the soul. We are to desire what God does--the redemption of the sinner. It requires humility and turning it over to God’s judgement. But in the process the one harmed can be restored in his spirit as well.
When I was young and naive, I got tangled up with my best friend’s girl. I was just a geeky country boy who had zero experience with females. At the time, I didn’t think I did anything wrong but the result was I lost my best friend and was ostracized from our group. My friend never came to talk to me--and he never let his hurt go. How much I wish I had made different choices! I longed to be restored to friendship...or to at least be forgiven...but it was never to happen. A group of kids who did everything together had our friendships shattered by my mistake. We were never made whole again.
In my life I have been harmed as well. I wish I could say I handled it better than my friend. Having been on both the giving and receiving ends of broken relationships, one thing I’ve learned is that retribution drives a terrible wedge between sinner and victim, and between us and God. Restoration relieves pain and is the quickest way to inner peace. It is often the closest we can come to being made whole once more.
There was a wealthy man who heard Jesus was passing by that day. He ran to the road to get a glimpse--but because he was short he couldn’t see over the crowd. So he made the effort and climbed a tree. Understand, this was a man of status--a public official serving the Romans by collecting taxes. Such men didn’t shame themselves by running or climbing trees. Getting rich by over-taxing people, he was feared and hated. He never dreamed Jesus would stop and speak to him--let alone invite himself to visit.
The Lord came to where Zacchaeus was in his sin, and called him by name. The crowd disapproved of Jesus honoring a dirty, sinful man. But that didn’t sway Jesus in the least. To the Christ, all are worthy of a second chance. In Luke 19:1-10, we learn something important about Jesus. He will cross any boundary, challenge any religious “rule,” and accept any criticism to save his lost sheep.
Zacchaeus didn’t deserve Jesus’ attention. But a rabbi of renown paid him honor -and Zacchaeus welcomed him gladly. Zacchaeus was so moved--he stood up and said, “Look, Lord! Here and now I give half of my possessions to the poor, and if I have cheated anybody out of anything, I will pay back four times the amount." And Jesus said to him, "Today salvation has come to this house, because this man, too, is a son of Abraham. For the Son of Man came to seek and to save what was lost." (Luke. 19:8-10 NIVO)
So great is Jesus’ concern for you that he will do anything under God’s law to reach you--even die on the cross for your sin. “For God did not send his Son into the world to condemn the world, but to save the world through him.” (John. 3:17) Jesus calls all sinners--those who are lost and even those who are redeemed. It doesn’t matter what you’ve done. All that matters is what you do next.
This morning I spent time looking through old photos and came across my cat Buddy’s baby pictures. He was apparently lost when his mother and her kittens passed through the area. Lydia and I could hear him outside the parsonage at night, starving and crying in search of his mom. He was so scared we couldn’t get near him. When we finally were able to feed him--he was terribly skinny. In one photo, he’s sitting in Lydia’s lap with her arms cradling him, and he’s looking up at her face. He was so tiny and vulnerable--protected in her arms. What I see in the picture is his awesome dependency upon a higher power. And I see trust and love.
Some people consider pets to be objects to own. Buddy is not my property. He is my responsibility and my joy. I take seriously God’s command to care for God’s creation. On the sixth day of creation, God blessed Adam and Eve saying,
"Be fruitful and increase in number; fill the earth and subdue it. Rule over the fish of the sea and the birds of the air and over every living creature that moves on the ground." (Genesis 1:28)
Some take this passage to mean we lord over creation, dominating it--treating it any way we choose. That is a misinterpretation. The text isn’t a license to abuse, neglect, or wantonly destroy. The Bible is clear that God wants us to love as he loves--each other and all of creation. In Genesis he gave us a responsibility to care for this great gift--to protect and nurture it. When we do it right, it looks like Lydia holding Buddy in that photo.
To love as God loves takes a total reimagining of our place in the world. We are the crown of creation. That doesn’t mean we’re more important--we just have a special job to do. God gave us the ability to understand the interdependency of all living things. And we understand that God holds us all in his care. That photo of Buddy is a reminder that we too are dependent upon a higher power. When God looks down upon us, he wants to see our eyes looking up adoringly at him with trust and love--knowing our place in the world.
In Matthew 22:15-22, the Pharisees asked Jesus about paying taxes using a Roman coin which proclaimed Tiberius Caesar as divine. The Pharisees resented paying with Roman coin, calling it blasphemous. Yet they wouldn’t go as far as to publicly resist paying. To trap Jesus, they asked if it is lawful to pay the tax. If he says, “yes” he angers the Jewish nationalists who resist paying. If he says, “no” he upsets the Romans and could be arrested. It was a no-win situation. The Pharisees thought they had him.
It is not against the Torah (the first five books of our Bible) to pay taxes to the emperor. Knowing the sinister intent behind the question, Jesus calls for one of the coins asking, “Whose portrait is this? And whose inscription?” They replied it was Caesar’s. And Jesus said, “Give to Caesar what is Caesar’s, and to God what is God’s.”
Jesus wasn’t saying we must always respect worldly authority. There are times when their actions are so evil (against God’s intention) that we must resist. The Bible teaches us to honor human law when it doesn’t require us to deny God’s law. God is our ultimate authority. So Jesus, thwarting their plan to trap him, gave neither a “yes” or “no” answer. It was left to Pharisees to decide which is lawful and right according to their understanding of God’s intent.
In the news, there is resistance to a lockdown of businesses. We are told it is born out of a strong sense of basic need and the concern for an economic depression. On the other hand, we’re told by authorities the reason for the lockdown is a concern that a virus, against which we have no immunities, would spread so rapidly that hospitals will be overwhelmed. In both cases, people will suffer. It is a no-win situation. Which position is right?
Give to Caesar, that which is Caesar’s--and give to God that which is God’s. “Create in me a pure heart, O God, and renew a steadfast spirit within me. Do not cast me from your presence or take your Holy Spirit from me.” (Psalm 51:10-11) May God guide our choices.
I was in the grocery store the other day (guess that’s the only place most of us go these days) and there were a lot of empty shelves. It felt like I was in the old Soviet Union with their notorious shortages--especially toilet paper. What is is with our toilet paper shortages anyway? Of course, our problem is not supply chains as it was for the Soviet Union. It is panic buying.
Jesus’ disciples were in a panic once. In Matthew 8 we read they had gotten into a boat with Jesus and while on the lake, a furious storm came. The the winds blew violently and the waves swept over the boat. I can see the disciples in that small boat bailing water desperately while rowing madly. They were screaming in fear and panic and turned to Jesus for help. He was asleep!
They woke him and cried, “Lord, save us! We’re going to drown!” Jesus replied, “You of little faith, why are you so afraid?” Then he got up and rebuked the winds and the waves, and it was completely calm. The men were amazed and asked, What kind of man is this? Even the winds and the waves obey him!” (Matt. 8:23-27 NIVO)
What does this story teach you about panic?
Some years ago a friend’s husband contracted a rare disease. His battle was valiant, and she and their two children were brave. He died with a 12 year old daughter and a younger son. It was a crushing blow to my friend and a challenge to her faith. One day she was reading her bible and came across this passage:
Rejoice in the Lord always. I will say it again: Rejoice! Let your gentleness be evident to all. The Lord is near. Do not be anxious about anything, but in everything, by prayer and petition, with thanksgiving, present your requests to God. And the peace of God, which transcends all understanding, will guard your hearts and your minds in Christ Jesus. (Phil. 4:4-7 NIV)
To my grieving friend, being told to rejoice, and not to be anxious, was like a slap in the face from God. How could she rejoice in her deep grief? She had two children denied the love and care of their father. Who wouldn’t be anxious with the loss of financial support, and with years of uncertainty ahead? What peace can be found in such troubled times?
The apostle Paul wasn’t saying we should feel joy for the circumstance of grief or other suffering. Nor was he saying we should put on a happy face despite how we feel. The joy named here is deeper and eternal--for it is based on what God has done for us in Christ. Redemption is a hope beyond all that can harm us because it ensures God has the last word in our lives. Ours is a God of wisdom, grace, and mercy whose promises are sure. So we rejoice that in Christ--God promises to lift us up and carry us through all trials. Even death.
When Paul wrote that we shouldn’t be anxious, he was writing from prison facing a death sentence. He was relying on God’s wisdom and care, rather than earthly solutions to his problems. All trust was placed in God for everything. If God were to open the doors of his cell and free him--he would rejoice in God’s power and gift. If the prison sentence ended in death--he would still rejoice for the salvation that is his in Christ. His lived in this world of sin but he centered his existence on God and had different priorities that were beyond the carnal. This is the peace of God--which transcends all understanding.
My friend did realize this with time...saying coming to that place is easier said than done. It takes remembering what God has done in the past, and looking forward to what you know God can do in the future. No matter the struggle, this is why we rejoice and give thanks. We belong to Christ and nothing can separate us from his love and mercy. May the peace of Christ be with you all.
Too often the media and our citizens worship at the altar of political ideology. In this time of crisis, I hope people’s eyes are being opened to the truth--political ideology is no substitute for God. Political leadership is no substitute for God. Total dependance on them is like trying to pay a water bill with fool’s gold. This is why God warned his people to follow God alone.
In the book of 1 Samuel, when God’s people asked for a king, Samuel prayed and the Lord said, “It is not you they have rejected...they have rejected me as their king.” (1 Sam. 8:6 NIV) God went on to warn that one day their king would rule as most humans do--through greed, oppressiveness, and violence. And when that day comes, the Lord said, “the people would cry out for relief from the king [they] had chosen, and the Lord will not answer [them] in that day.” (1 Sam. 8:7-18 NIV)
The political stress in our nation, and especially now in this crisis, is a reminder of why we should always follow God above humans. His law intends that people would love God with heart, mind, and strength, and love neighbor as self. It was God’s intent that we keep God and his will at the center of our existence. Symbolically that was expressed by the Tabernacle’s central location in the Israelite camp. God in essence taught that to obey him is our best hope for stability and peace. God is always with us and his wisdom and grace guides us when we obey him.
We may have to live in a world of trouble. But we don’t have to center our existence there. We are only visitors in this earthly realm, passing through to eternity. Most of the time we can honor the law of the land while abiding in the Lord -- in obedience to our true leader. It is for spiritual peace that we follow God and trust his promises. Remember the words of the Psalm, “The LORD is my shepherd, I shall not be in want. He makes me lie down in green pastures, he leads me beside quiet waters, he restores my soul. He guides me in paths of righteousness for his name's sake.” (Ps. 23:1-3 NIV)
(Please read John 4:4-42 before continuing.)
To modern readers...our text this morning is a great story of how a woman comes to faith in Christ. We see our Lord’s divine power to win souls for God. What is often missed...is the controversial aspect of what Jesus was doing. You see...Jesus did something that was shocking and appalling. He asked for a drink of water and had a conversation with a Samaritan woman. It had the markings of scandal written all over it.
Jesus’ disciples would have been freaking out. For those who may not know the history, Samaritans were descendants of the Israelites of the Northern Kingdom who had intermarried with non-Jews. They valued and followed only the Pentateuch (the first five books of our Bible) and denied the centrality of the Jerusalem Temple. They had their own place of worship on Mount (Ger’ uh zim) Gerizim. They worshipped the same God as the Jews in Jerusalem and held some of the same beliefs...but they had different history, traditions and experience. The friction between the two peoples began when the exiles returned from Babylon in the fifth century BCE. It was so bad...Jewish law said contact with a Samaritan resulted in ritual contamination.
The Jews at that time were about protecting boundaries. Their law and customs were meant to keep them religiously and racially pure. The Jewish Jesus humbled himself before a female untouchable and in doing so...he crossed a huge social and religious boundary. It was a radical act of tolerance, acceptance and love. In this story...Jesus challenged those who follow him to re-imagine how their lives and religion should look. Jesus not only imagined a world without social and religious boundaries...he lived and operated in that reality. It was challenging and exciting at the same time.
How does Jesus challenge your expectations? Most of us have been hearing and reading about Jesus all our lives. It is easy then, to begin to feel comfortable...to feel as though Jesus fits us like a well-worn pair of bedroom slippers. Many would confess they know Jesus well. But then we have times like this virus outbreak. For some, the expectations of Christ they’ve carried around might seem to fall short--limited as they are by their version of history, tradition, or experience.
The testimony of scripture reveals Jesus as one who challenges and surprises. Over and over we see him crossing boundaries...healing the incurable, consorting with sinners, touching the untouchable and challenging the status quo. So it surprises me when so many people try to put Jesus in a box...limiting him. Overheard while shopping, a man said, “What will Jesus do about this virus? Love it away?” He definitely had Jesus in a box, for he limited the power of the Messiah. In the encounter with the Samaritan woman, Jesus offered her living water--and her boundaries for the Messiah were shattered.
One reason Jesus humbled himself socially and religiously is so that we might grow beyond our limits as Christians. He challenges us to love beyond the boundaries of doctrine, interpretation, and traditions...to relate to those who are radically different. Are we open enough to let the radical Jesus change us--even after years of keeping him in a box? This outbreak is the time to examine our lives...to question how much we look like Jesus. He loved beyond boundaries. This is a very good time to be asking, “Do we?”
I was in a grocery store today and a woman lamented, “No happy customers today.” I looked at her and said, “I’m happy!” She didn’t smile and responded, “Happy happy?” Guessing what she meant, I said, “I’m pretty happy.” She didn’t look convinced.
What did she mean? Was she talking about a whistling, sunny happy that says, “nothing in this world will bring me down today?” I don’t know if there are many of us with that feeling after the Governor’s order to shut down businesses. A lot of people are putting on the happy face but deep down--something else is churning. If I had to guess it’s maybe fear, anger, despair, or sadness.
As I drove away from that very busy store, I wondered what I was really feeling. I wasn’t sure. This virus closure may last a month or a year or anything in between. We don’t know. There is much we don’t know about the virus or our attempt to slow it down. The thing is--much in this worldly life is uncertain. It always has been. As I searched my heart it dawned on me there is at least one thing I know for sure. Christ dwells within me. The apostle Paul wrote, “For it is by grace you have been saved, through faith-- and this not from yourselves, it is the gift of God.“ (Eph. 2:8 NIVO)
The truth for those with faith in Christ is that deep down, there is always a seed of hope in us. Maybe it is obscured sometimes by the hard shell of events--but the hope remains as surely as Christ remains. If we nurture that hope it will blossom to the glory of God. I sure wish I could see that woman again to tell her, “Yes, I am happy-happy.”
This morning I awakened from a nightmare. I don’t remember the details--I was just very upset. Then my cat Buddy jumped up beside me purring. Immediately my heart settled. Later I was eating breakfast, watching news of the virus. I became annoyed and worried over some government action--imagining a whole world of negative outcomes. Suddenly my cat Buddy jumped in my lap purring. Of course there was nothing to be done but stop and enjoy his attention. My concerns went from fearfulness to mere thoughtfulness in the blink of an eye.
It struck me how much Buddy does to calm me. In moments of unsettledness, his loving presence makes me feel better. How much is that like God? God has a way of doing that...coming to us in the moments of our deepest concern. Maybe it happens as the happy song of a bird outside our window. It could be a silly TV show, or a text from a friend. When consumed with negative thoughts, if we open our eyes and hearts to God, he will jump in our laps and purr. He is always close to soothe us in some way.
God doesn’t want us wallowing in anxiety, anger, or despair. In first Peter 5:6-7 we read, “Humble yourselves, therefore, under God's mighty hand, that he may lift you up in due time. Cast all your anxiety on him because he cares for you.”
May the God of hope fill you with all joy and peace as you trust in him, so that you may overflow with hope by the power of the Holy Spirit. (Rom. 15:13 NIVO)